“Moola or Vichruta has been extensively referred to in Atharveda Kaanda 2,Kaanda 3 and kaanda 6 (Ref 2). Vichruta, stands for darkness and Moola carries an adjective Arishta. This word has two meanings, one standing for sweet and second associated with bad associated with death. Astronomically, Moola is in line with Milkiway (Milky Way) galactic center.” http://www.vedicastronomy.net/stars_dhanu.htm
“If one star is to be identified as Moola, then the best candidate for Moola or Vichruta Nakshatra is 42 q OPH from Ophichius zodiac of the European system. It falls in the star band and is 50 minutes or 13 degrees (E-W) away from Jyeshta. Its brightness is +3.28. Arab Sabik is another strong candidate for Moola with +2.43 brightness and is also 13 degrees from Jyeshta.” http://www.vedicastronomy.net/stars_dhanu.htm
We know that in Sanskrit, Moola means the first, the base, the foundation. And Jyeshta means, the older. If Moola is the first Nakshatram, then Jyestha will become the last nakshatram.
“The choice of first Nakshatra must correspond to a logically first day of a solar year, which dictates the weather cycles. Which is the year’s first day? Astronomically speaking, the spring Equinox day in Northern Hemisphere temperate zone is a logical one. It heralds the arrival of the spring, in temperate zone of northern hemisphere of the earth.” from http://www.vedicastronomy.net/stars_appendix.htm
“Rishi Gargya starts the list of twenty seven nakshatra‘s starting with Krittika. Choice of Krittika as the first of twenty-seven is very significant. In contrast Jyotishya Shaastra uses Ashwini as the first star” from http://www.vedicastronomy.net/stars_appendix.htm
Atharvana Veda Kaanda 19 / Sooktam 7
I think that it is logical that ‘when the stars were named’, Moola was the first Nakshatram and Jyeshta was the last. Therefore I think that the Spring Equinox was in Moola.
How many years ago was this?
50.26 seconds of arc shift in 1 year., due to precession.
Moola to Ashwini is : 240 degrees = 240*60*60 = 864000 seconds of arc
Shift of the Vernal Equinox from Moola to Ashwini takes place in : 864000/50.26 = 17190.6 years.
Shift of the Vernal Equinox from Jyeshta (the first, or oldest) to Ashwini takes even longer.
Did our ancestors know astronomy 17200 years ago?
Did our later ancestors know that Moola Nakshatra points to the center of our Milky Way Galaxy? and work backwards?
A Rig Vedic verse observes the Winter Solstice in Revati (6500 BC)
Rishi Gargya mentions in the Atharvana Veda, that the Ayana was in Magha and mentions Krutika as the first star. Taking these two pointers, Dr. S. Balakrishna has calculated Rishi Gargya’s Sookta was composed near 2400 BC, dating Atharvana Veda to at least 2400 BC.
Our Karthika Masam and Dhanur Masam worship prove that, we always that the Moola Nakshatram was sacred.
Dhanur Masam is a Solar Month, when the Sun is in Dhanus (Sagittarius). This rasi (Zodiac Sign) begins with the Moola Nakshatram. The Moola Nkashatram points to the centre of the Milky Way galaxy. So if you turn to the east and pray at sunrise in Dhanur Masam you are actually looking at Vaikuntham. This is a very special time of prayer for Vaishnavaites. See: http://oldthoughts.wordpress.com/2008/10/12/karthika-masam-and-dhanur-masam/
Moola is also called “Simharksha.”
Moola Nakshtram in Astrology :
Chapter 94 : Brihat Parasara Hora Sastra : (Source) 11-13. A boy, or girl, born in the 2nd, 3rd, or 4th quarter of Aslesha Nakshatra, destroys his/her mother-in-law and a boy, or a girl, born in 1st, 2nd, or 3rd quarter of Mula Nakshatra, becomes the destroyer of his/her father-in-law. Therefore suitable measures, as may be possible within ones means, should be taken at the time of the marriage of such boys and girls. There will be no evil effect, if the husband has no elder brothers. If we can date this particular verse we will know when the fear of Mula Nakshatra came into our society. We must find out if it is actually by Parasara or an interpolation…
When the sun lines up with or moves past the Moola Nakshatram, we have Moola Karthe. Like every karthe, it lasts for about a fortnight. This is a wonderful time for Vaishnavas, since the Moola Nakshatram is in the direction of the center of the galaxy, the ksheera sagaram or milky way. So for those of us who have faith that Sri Maha Vishnu is there at the center of the milky way, the sun will point you to Vaikuntham. (The prescribed time is around sunrise).
Moola, Purvashada and the first pada of Uttarashada make up the Dhanur Rasi. Since the sun will ‘transition past these nakshatras from Dhanus Sankranthi to Makara Sankranthi., this solar month is called Dhanur Masam as per the Telugu-Sanskrit calendar. Vaishnavas, the devotees of Vishnu, offer many special sevas and prayers to Sri Maha Vishnu during this month.
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