Old Thoughts

Connecting Science and Scriptures : Satya Sarada Kandula : All Rights Reserved

Kalpas, Manvantaras, Samvatsaras

What is a Kalpa?

  • A Kalpa is 12 hours of Brahma. 2 kalpas make a day and a night of Brahma. He lives for 100 years on this time scale.

How many Mahayugas or Caturyugas are there in a Kalpa?

  • There are 1000 or 1008, Mahayugas in a Kalpa Mahayugas in a Kalpa. Taking 1008, gives 84 Caturyugas in an hour of Brahma.

How many Manvantaras are there in a Kalpa?

  • There are 14 Manvantaras in a Kalpa. A manu or an Indra lives for 1 manvantara. 1 manvanatara is a 100 years of Indra.

How many Mahayugas are there to a Manvantara?

  • There are 72 Caturyugas to a Manvantara

How many solar years are there in a Caturyuga?

What are the names of the kalpas?from: http://www.krishnamedia.org/e-books/LaghuBhagOne.pdf The cycle of kalpas, beginning with Brähma-kalpa and ending with Pädma-kalpa, is repeated a thousand times. The present kalpa is called Sveta-varäha-kalpa.

from : http://www.webcom.com/ara/col/books/CLAS/bhag/2_10.html : The Bhagavatam speaks of 30 kalpa names, one for each day of his month. This list does not match the list in the Vayu Purana.Therefore the thirty kalpas of Brahma are: (1) Sveta-kalpa, (2) Nilalohita, (3) Vamadeva, (4) Gathantara, (5) Raurava, (6) Prana, (7) Brhat-kalpa, (8) Kandarpa, (9) Sadyotha, (10) Isana, (11) Dhyana, (12) Sarasvata, (13) Udana, (14) Garuda, (15) Kaurma, (16) Narasimha, (17) Samadhi, (18) Agneya, (19) Visnuja, (20) Saura, (21) Soma-kalpa, (22) Bhavana, (23) Supuma, (24) Vaikuntha, (25) Arcisa, (26) Vali-kalpa, (27) Vairaja, (28) Gauri-kalpa, (29) Mahesvara, (30) Paitr-kalpa.Kalpa names per vayu purana?

List from the Vayu Purana (Source)

“(1) Bhava. (2) Bhuva. (3) Tapah. (4) Bhava. (5) Rambha. (6) Ritu. (7) Kratu. (8) Vahni. (9) Havyavahana. (10) Savitra. (11) Bhuvah. (12) Oushika. (13) Kushika. (14) Gandharva. (15) Rishabha. (16) Shadaja. (17) Marjaliya. (18) Madhyama. (19) Vairaja. The great Vairaja Manu was born in this kalpa and his son was the great sage Dadhichi. (20) Nishada. The race of nishadas (hunters) were created during this period. (21) Panchama. (22) Meghavahana. The word megha means cloud and vahana means to bear. In this kalpa, Vishnu adopted the form of a cloud and bore Shiva on his back. It is thus that the kalpa received its name. (23) Chintaka. (24) Akuti. (25) Vijnati. (26) Mana. (27) Bhava. (28) Vrihat. (29) Shvetalohita. (30) Rakta. (31) Pitavasa. (32) Sita. (33) Krishna (34) Vishvarupa.” What about the rest?

Note: There are 864,00 seconds in our day. Thus Kalpa is a simple multiple of this figure.

What are the names of the Manvantaras? (Source)

  1. Swayambhuva (H.V. 7.8) son of the self born
  2. Swarochishta (Mark P.67.4) son of the self shining
  3. Uthama ( Mark.P 73.13) son of the highest
  4. Taamasa (Mark.P 73.13) son of Darkness
  5. Raivatha (Mark.P 75,73,74) son of wealth
  6. Chaikshusa( Mark.P 76.54) son of vision
  7. VAIVASWATHA( (MARK.P 79.9&10) SON OF BRIGHTNESS
  8. Arka Savarnika ( Mark.P 80.4) related to Sungod
  9. Daksha Savarnika ( Mark.P 94.8) son of rituals
  10. Brahma Savarnika (Mark.P 94.10 to 14 ) son of Brahma
  11. Dharma Savarnia( Mark.P 94.19 & 20) relative of eternal law
  12. Rudra Savrnika( Mark.P 94.25 )son of the destroyer
  13. Deva Savarnika (Mark. P 94.30)son of the shining one and
  14. Indra Savarnika (Mark.P 100.31) son of the mighty Indra

(The big bang is about 4 kalpas ago). Each Kalpa (4 320 000 000 earth years) has 14 Manvantaras. Ours is the 7th Vaivaswatha Manvanthara. This means about half of our Kalpa (Sveta Varaha Kalpa) is over. Another 2 160 000 000 earth years to the end of this kalpa or to dissolution. This is the Dwitiya Parardha or second half of Brahma’s life, which means 50 x 360 kalpas are over. And we are midway of one of the next kalpas. At pooja time we say Sveta varaha kalpe, dwitiya parardhe, vaivaswatha manvantare, kaliyuge, prathama pade. We never mention the name or number of a Chaturyuga or a Mahayuga.

What are the Names of Years?

We are in the 21st year – Sarvajit. 5109 Kali Yuga.
1. Prabhava
2. Vibhava
3. Shukla
4. Pramoda
5. Prajāpati
6. Āngirasa
7. Shrīmukha
8. Bhāva
9. Yuvan
10. Dhātri
11. Īshvara
12. Bahudhānya
13. Pramāthin
14. Vikrama
15. Vrisha
16. Chitrabhānu
17. Svabhānu
18. Tārana
19. Pārthiva
20. Vyaya (2006-2007 AD/CE)

21. Sarvajit (2007-2008 AD/CE)

22. Sarvadhārin
23. Virodhin
24. Vikrita
25. Khara
26. Nandana
27. Vijaya
28. Jaya
29. Manmatha
30. Durmukha
31. Hemalambin
32. Vilambin
33. Vikārin
34. Shārvari
35. Plava
36. Shubhakrit
37. Shobhana
38. Krodhin
39. Vishvāvasu
40. Parābhava
41. Plavanga
42. Kīlaka
43. Saumya
44. Sādhārana
45. Virodhikrit
46. Paritāpin
47. Pramādin
48. Ānanda
49. Rākshasa
50. Anala
51. Pingala
52. Kālayukti
53. Siddhārthin
54. Raudra
55. Durmati
56. Dundubhi
57. Rudhirodgārin
58. Raktāksha
59. Krodhana
60. Akshaya

The earth is about 1 kalpa old. (4.32 billion years old)

Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula


Authorship and Copyright Notice : All Rights Reserved : Satya Sarada Kandula

Written by Satya Sarada Kandula

December 27, 2008 at 7:23 pm

3 Responses

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  1. Satya, I am very happy to find such a great resource for the information which I have been looking for long time. Great work. I respect our tradition and culture and constantly keep on exploring these kind of articles. One quick question, during our pooja when we recite the sankalpam, we say, Kaliyuge, Pradhama padhe. Does this mean that each yuga has more than one padham?

    How many years does one padham constitute? And how many padhams equals one yugam?Please reply to this query.

    Tapasvi

    June 21, 2012 at 4:09 pm

  2. Answer to Tapasvi’s question: Duration of Kaliyuga is 432000 years. Padam means a quarter i.e. one fourth. As of now, 5110 years passed. so we are in the first quarter.

    Pidaparty P S Hariprasad

    July 16, 2012 at 4:31 am

  3. continueing my study

    Anonymous

    October 2, 2012 at 8:31 pm


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