Karthika Masam and Dhanur Masam
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Karthika Masam is a lunar month. The full moon of this month is near the Kruthika nakshatra (constellation) which is last padam of Mesha (Aries) and the first 3 padams of Vrishabha (Taurus). ( kruthika: Location = Alcyone, Celaeno, Electra, Taygete, Maia, & Asterope:(Pleiades) Eta, 16, 17, 19, 20, & 21 Tauri)
The Mondays of Karthika Masam are special to S’iva.
Karthika Masam starts the day after Deepavali. The festival of lights starts from the new moon of the previous month (Deepavali Amavasya) and goes on to the full moon of Karthika Masam.
The brightest full moon occurs close to the winter solstice, which occurs in the month following karthika Masam. (Margasira Masam). That is when the moon is nearest the earth (its perigee) and the earth is nearest the sun. The moon is closer (therefore bigger) and receives 7% more sunlight and is therefore brighter as well.
4 days before this brightest full moon of the year is Vaikuntha Ekadasi, when the gates to Vaikuntha (Vishnu’s abode) open. People fortunate enough to die on that day go to Vaikuntha.
Dhanur Masam is a Solar Month, when the Sun is in Dhanus (Sagittarius). This rasi (Zodiac Sign) begins with the Moola Nakshatram. The Moola Nkashatram points to the centre of the Milky Way galaxy. So if you turn to the east and pray at sunrise in Dhanur Masam you are actually looking at Vaikuntham. This is a very special time of prayer for Vaishnavaites.
(Moola: Location =The Scorpion’s Tail: epsilon, mu, zeta, eta, theta, iota, kappa, upsilon (Lesath) & lambda (Shaula) Scorpionis)
Dhanur Masam ends with Makara Sankramanam or the Sun entering Capricorn. This coincides with the harvest festival (mid Jan). The sun has reached the southern extreme point and starts rising more to the north everyday, everyday for 6 months. This is Uttarayana Punya kalam.
People who die in Uttarayanam, don’t come back to be reborn on Earth. Bhishma waited for Uttarayanam before he let himself die. The day he died is Bhishma Ekadasi.
Arudra is in Mithuna (Gemini). Arudra points to Rudra or Siva. It is on the other side of the Zodiac from Moola. The Puranas tell that Siva is so large that Brahma and Vishnu could not find his ends. (Arudra: Location = Betelgeuse: alpha Orionis)
Does Siva represent the Universe where Vishnu represents the galaxy/galactic centre? I have found so many direct clues to Vishnu, but so far Arudra is my only clue to Siva.
The other clues to Siva are Sivarathri which occurs in February, when it suddenly stops being cold and of course karthika masam.
Clues to Krishna:
The Visakha constellation is also called Radha.
Rohini (father’s wife), Revathi (brother’s wife) and Phalguna (Arjuna) and Bhadra (Balarama) are constellation names that match the names of important people in Krishna’s life.
Krishna was born in Sravana Masam, when the full moon is frequently close to the Srvana nakshatram.
“Rohini is the brightest of the 27 Stars used for Bharateeya Nakshatra system of names, with a brightness of 0.85. Rohini is identified as birth star of Sri krishna. The distance between Krittika and Rohini is about 12.5 degrees (E-W). If a single star has to be identified as representing Rohini Nakshatra, best candidate is 87aTau/SAO-94027/HD -29139/ Aldebaran.” Rohini is fully in Vrishabha Rasi.
For English Names of Nakshatrams